The VisLab of the University of Parma has been working on cognitive vehicles for more than 15 years and have successfully fielded a number of fully autonomous vehicles that shaped the history of robotic vehicles. These systems included perception, reasoning, and actuation. Other systems based on driver interaction are now being studied. VisLab has developed a number of perception systems, mainly in the vehicular robotics domain using artificial vision, laser-scanners, radar, and implementing high and low level fusion techniques. Some of these systems have been the main systems on which autonomous vehicles such as ARGO, TerraMax, and BRAiVE based their automatic features.
VisLab gained remarkable experience in the field of data fusion and provided sensing systems based on different sensors (using both direct and indirect measurements). Low and high level fusion have been implemented and tested on real prototypes. Moreover, VisLab is also focused on developing x-by-wire systems for autonomous vehicles.