Design and Evaluation of Charging Station Scheduling Strategies for Electric Vehicles

January 21, 2014 in Journals, Publications, TUB, year 3 by admin

Julian Timpner and Lars C. Wolf

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (Journal)

Electric vehicles (EVs) still have relatively long and frequent charging cycles. Moreover, charging resources are typically limited and must therefore be used efficiently. The V-Charge project has the vision to provide a solution by combining autonomous valet parking with e-mobility, introducing improved parking and charging comfort. V-Charge proposes a solution for charging autonomous EVs in parking places and efficiently using scarce charging resources, thus simplifying the life of the customer and increasing the feasibility of EVs. For the management of parking lots and charging resources, V-Charge provides a server back end and a communication infrastructure. In this paper, we present our design of scheduling concepts for a coordinated charging strategy that is implemented by this back end. Through intensive simulations, we show that the V-Charge server is able to efficiently handle realistic parking volume and performs well in fulfilling customer requirements, e.g., energy demand for the next driving tasks. Moreover, we evaluate the suitability of various scheduling strategies in different usage scenarios. For the simulation setup, real-world parking statistics obtained from Hamburg Airport and the City of Braunschweig, Germany, are used.

author = {Timpner, Julian and Wolf, Lars},
doi = {10.1109/TITS.2013.2283805},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Design and Evaluation of Charging Station Scheduling Strategies for Electric Vehicles}},
year = {2013},